|The TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is written, developed and administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), a private, non-profit organization based in Princeton, New Jersey.
The TOEFL test measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English to use and understand North American English as it is spoken, written and heard in college and university settings.
Currently more than 2,400 colleges and universities in the United States and Canada require the TOEFL test scores from non-English speaking students in order to admit them to a program. TOEFL is also used by academic institutions in other countries where English is the language of instruction.
In addition, government agencies, scholarship programs, and licensing/certification agencies use TOEFL scores to evaluate English proficiency.
TOEFL Internet-based Test (TOEFL iBT)
The TOEFL Internet-based Test (TOEFL iBT) evaluates all four language skills that are essential for effective communication: reading, listening, speaking (new!), and writing:
· Reading - measures the ability to understand academic reading matter. Consists of 3 to 5 academic reading passages followed by comprehension questions.
· Listening - measures the ability to understand English as it is used in colleges and universities. Consists of 4 to 6 lectures, which include classroom dialogue, and 2 to 3 conversations that include two or more speakers in each.
· Speaking - measures the ability to speak English. Consists of 6 open-ended speaking questions, which require test takers to speak into a microphone. Responses are recorded and scored by human graders.
· Writing - measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate for college and university course work. The TOEFL iBT contains an added 20-minute essay along with the current 30-minute essay.
TOEFL iBT is scored differently form the computer-based test:
||No. of Questions
||36-70 - > 3-5 passages, 12-14 questions each
||34-51 - > 4-6 lectures, 6 questions each,
2-3 conversations, 5 questions each
|Break 10 minutes
||6 tasks - > 2 independent and 4 integrated
– one integrated task
– one independent essay
|Total Score (The total score is the sum of the four skill scores.)
Notes about TOEFL iBT:
Who Accepts TOEFL Scores?
- TOEFL iBT is approximately 4 hours long. Each section of the test has a time limit.
- The Reading section has new questions that ask test takers to categorize information and fill in a chart or complete a summary.
- There is no longer a Structure section. Grammar is tested on questions and tasks in each section.
- Lectures and conversations in the Listening section are longer, but note-taking is allowed. In fact, note-taking is allowed throughout the entire test to help test takers answer the questions. The TOEFL iBT integrated approach requires that the students be proficient in note taking.
- The speech in the listening material sounds more natural, and one lecture per test is spoken with a British or Australian accent. There are also new multiple-choice questions that measure understanding of a speaker's attitude, degree of certainty, and purpose.
- The Speaking section is new, and includes both integrated and independent tasks.
- Integrated task are questions that require use of more than one skill at a time:
- – read, listen, then speak in response to a question
- – listen, then speak in response to a question
- – read, listen, then write in response to a question
- The new Speaking section evaluates a person's ability to use spoken English, and the new integrated Writing and Speaking tasks measure the ability to combine information from more than one source and communicate about it.
- TOEFL iBT scores are reported online. You can view your score 15 business days after the test. You will also receive a copy of your score report by mail. The test scores are valid for two years, i.e., most universities accept scores up to two years old.
More than 5,000 colleges, universities, and licensing agencies in 90 countries accept TOEFL scores. Certain colleges or universities may require you to obtain a particular score of TOEFL if your first language is not English, in order for you to be admitted. However, a high TOEFL score guarantees neither Admissions into the institutes of your choice nor academic success.
Who Should Take the TOEFL Test?
Non-native English speakers at the 11th-grade level or above should take the TOEFL test to provide evidence of their English proficiency before beginning academic work. The test content is considered too difficult for students below 11th grade.
Where/When Can I Take It?
TOEFL iBT is taken via the Internet at ETS-certified test centers. Most areas where the TOEFL iBT test is offered will have 30 to 40 administrations a year, but the number will vary based on the number of test takers and test center capacity.
To begin your registration or to check availability online click here.
How Do I Register for the TOEFL?
First, you download a copy of the Information and Registration Bulletin from the ETS website, or obtain it locally. This free Bulletin provides information on how to register for the TOEFL, fees and payment methods, registration forms, a list of test centres, what happens on the test day, scoring information, and some sample questions. Make sure you have the correct Bulletin and read the information carefully before you begin your registration. You may register for the TOEFL test online, by phone, or by mail. After registering you will receive a confirmation of the testing date, time, and test center location.
For detailed information about registration click here.